Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the movement had its roots in Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil, 1857) by Charles Baudelaire. The works of Edgar Allan Poe, which Baudelaire greatly admired and translated into French, were a significant influence and the source of many stock tropes and images. The aesthetic was developed by Stephane Mallarme and Paul Verlaine during the 1860s and '70s. In the 1880s, the aesthetic was articulated through a series of manifestoes and attracted a generation of writers. The label "symbolist" itself comes from the critic Jean Moreas, who coined it in order to distinguish the symbolists from the related decadent movement in literature and art.

Distinct from, but related to, the movement in literature, symbolism in art represents an outgrowth of the darker, gothic side of Romanticism; but where Romanticism was impetuous and rebellious, symbolist art was static and hieratic.

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Page 8 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Portrait of the artist's sister, Marguerite Khnopff - Fernand Khnopff - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Portrait of the artist's sister, Marguerite Khnopff
Fernand Khnopff
Cleopatra - Arnold Böcklin - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Cleopatra
Arnold Böcklin
Paolo and Francesca, 1870 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Paolo and Francesca, 1870
George Frederick Watts
Closed Eyes - Odilon Redon - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Closed Eyes
Odilon Redon
The Irish Famine, 1850 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Irish Famine, 1850
George Frederick Watts
Joan Of Arc - Odilon Redon - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Joan Of Arc
Odilon Redon
'Can These Bones Live?' - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
'Can These Bones Live?'
George Frederick Watts
The Green Death - Odilon Redon - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Green Death
Odilon Redon
Don Chepito Torero, from Les Aventues de Don Chepito - Jose Guadalupe Posada - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Don Chepito Torero, from Les Aventues de Don Chepito
Jose Guadalupe Posada
Autumn Ii - Lucien Levy-Dhurmer - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Autumn Ii
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer
Autumn - Lucien Levy-Dhurmer - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Autumn
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer
Centaurs - Odilon Redon - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Centaurs
Odilon Redon

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Page 8 of 92   Paintings: 1100