Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the movement had its roots in Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil, 1857) by Charles Baudelaire. The works of Edgar Allan Poe, which Baudelaire greatly admired and translated into French, were a significant influence and the source of many stock tropes and images. The aesthetic was developed by Stephane Mallarme and Paul Verlaine during the 1860s and '70s. In the 1880s, the aesthetic was articulated through a series of manifestoes and attracted a generation of writers. The label "symbolist" itself comes from the critic Jean Moreas, who coined it in order to distinguish the symbolists from the related decadent movement in literature and art.

Distinct from, but related to, the movement in literature, symbolism in art represents an outgrowth of the darker, gothic side of Romanticism; but where Romanticism was impetuous and rebellious, symbolist art was static and hieratic.

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1100
A Sea Ghost, 1887 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Sea Ghost, 1887
George Frederick Watts
Cartoon of British leaders in the Boer War, Field Marshal... - Leslie Mathew Ward - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Cartoon of British leaders in the Boer War, Field Marshal...
Leslie Mathew Ward
A Bacchante - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Bacchante
George Frederick Watts
Sea Idyll, 1887 - Arnold Böcklin - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Sea Idyll, 1887
Arnold Böcklin
The Plague, 1898 - Arnold Böcklin - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Plague, 1898
Arnold Böcklin
Althea - John White Alexander - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Althea
John White Alexander
Apollos Chariot3 - Odilon Redon - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Apollos Chariot3
Odilon Redon
The Garden of Death, 1896 - Hugo Simberg - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Garden of Death, 1896
Hugo Simberg
Portrait of a Woman, 1912 - Fernand Khnopff - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Portrait of a Woman, 1912
Fernand Khnopff
The Death of Elaine, 1877 - Homer Watson - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Death of Elaine, 1877
Homer Watson
Portrait of the artist's sister, Marguerite Khnopff - Fernand Khnopff - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Portrait of the artist's sister, Marguerite Khnopff
Fernand Khnopff
Musée de Picardie. cliché H.Maertens (1863) - Pierre Cécile Puvis de Chevannes - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Musée de Picardie. cliché H.Maertens (1863)
Pierre Cécile Puvis de Chevannes

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1100