Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the movement had its roots in Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil, 1857) by Charles Baudelaire. The works of Edgar Allan Poe, which Baudelaire greatly admired and translated into French, were a significant influence and the source of many stock tropes and images. The aesthetic was developed by Stephane Mallarme and Paul Verlaine during the 1860s and '70s. In the 1880s, the aesthetic was articulated through a series of manifestoes and attracted a generation of writers. The label "symbolist" itself comes from the critic Jean Moreas, who coined it in order to distinguish the symbolists from the related decadent movement in literature and art.

Distinct from, but related to, the movement in literature, symbolism in art represents an outgrowth of the darker, gothic side of Romanticism; but where Romanticism was impetuous and rebellious, symbolist art was static and hieratic.

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Jajcei vízesés (részlet), 1903 - Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Jajcei vízesés (részlet), 1903
Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry
A Bacchante - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Bacchante
George Frederick Watts
The Gust Of Wind - Lucien Levy-Dhurmer - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Gust Of Wind
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer
Maria kutja Nazaretben (részlet-2), 1908 - Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Maria kutja Nazaretben (részlet-2), 1908
Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry
A Sea Ghost, 1887 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Sea Ghost, 1887
George Frederick Watts
'Isabella', a Portrait of Miss Arabella Prescott, 1857 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
'Isabella', a Portrait of Miss Arabella Prescott, 1857
George Frederick Watts
Sea Idyll, 1887 - Arnold Böcklin - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Sea Idyll, 1887
Arnold Böcklin
The Death of Elaine, 1877 - Homer Watson - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Death of Elaine, 1877
Homer Watson
Althea - John White Alexander - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Althea
John White Alexander
The Garden of Death, 1896 - Hugo Simberg - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Garden of Death, 1896
Hugo Simberg
After the Battle between Prince Igor Svyatoslavich... - Viktor Vasnetsov - www.symbolism-in-art.org
After the Battle between Prince Igor Svyatoslavich...
Viktor Vasnetsov
The Drunkard - Charles de Groux - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Drunkard
Charles de Groux

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1100