Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the movement had its roots in Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil, 1857) by Charles Baudelaire. The works of Edgar Allan Poe, which Baudelaire greatly admired and translated into French, were a significant influence and the source of many stock tropes and images. The aesthetic was developed by Stephane Mallarme and Paul Verlaine during the 1860s and '70s. In the 1880s, the aesthetic was articulated through a series of manifestoes and attracted a generation of writers. The label "symbolist" itself comes from the critic Jean Moreas, who coined it in order to distinguish the symbolists from the related decadent movement in literature and art.

Distinct from, but related to, the movement in literature, symbolism in art represents an outgrowth of the darker, gothic side of Romanticism; but where Romanticism was impetuous and rebellious, symbolist art was static and hieratic.

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Page 5 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Struggle Between Woman And Centaur - Odilon Redon - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Struggle Between Woman And Centaur
Odilon Redon
Baalbek (részlet-3), 1906 - Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Baalbek (részlet-3), 1906
Tivadar Kosztka Csontváry
4 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
4
George Frederick Watts
Faun, einer Amsel zupfeifend, 1863 - Arnold Böcklin - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Faun, einer Amsel zupfeifend, 1863
Arnold Böcklin
Penelope weaving a shroud for Laertes her father-in... - Max Klinger - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Penelope weaving a shroud for Laertes her father-in...
Max Klinger
La Calavera de la Catrina, 1913 2 - Jose Guadalupe Posada - www.symbolism-in-art.org
La Calavera de la Catrina, 1913 2
Jose Guadalupe Posada
The Judgement of Paris   1 - Max Klinger - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Judgement of Paris 1
Max Klinger
Wood Nymph - Lucien Levy-Dhurmer - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Wood Nymph
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer
After the Deluge: The 41st Day, 1885-86 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
After the Deluge: The 41st Day, 1885-86
George Frederick Watts
Nude Study, c.1920 - Fernand Khnopff - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Nude Study, c.1920
Fernand Khnopff
A Bacchante - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Bacchante
George Frederick Watts
'Isabella', a Portrait of Miss Arabella Prescott, 1857 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
'Isabella', a Portrait of Miss Arabella Prescott, 1857
George Frederick Watts

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Page 5 of 92   Paintings: 1100