Symbolism was a late nineteenth-century art movement of French and Belgian origin in poetry and other arts. In literature, the movement had its roots in Les Fleurs du mal (The Flowers of Evil, 1857) by Charles Baudelaire. The works of Edgar Allan Poe, which Baudelaire greatly admired and translated into French, were a significant influence and the source of many stock tropes and images. The aesthetic was developed by Stephane Mallarme and Paul Verlaine during the 1860s and '70s. In the 1880s, the aesthetic was articulated through a series of manifestoes and attracted a generation of writers. The label "symbolist" itself comes from the critic Jean Moreas, who coined it in order to distinguish the symbolists from the related decadent movement in literature and art.

Distinct from, but related to, the movement in literature, symbolism in art represents an outgrowth of the darker, gothic side of Romanticism; but where Romanticism was impetuous and rebellious, symbolist art was static and hieratic.

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Page 2 of 92   Paintings: 1100
The Temptation of St. Anthony, 1883 - Fernand Khnopff - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Temptation of St. Anthony, 1883
Fernand Khnopff
Choosing - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Choosing
George Frederick Watts
A Bridge In Bruges - Lucien Levy-Dhurmer - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Bridge In Bruges
Lucien Levy-Dhurmer
Woman In Profile With Flowers - Odilon Redon - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Woman In Profile With Flowers
Odilon Redon
Nazi auto-da-fe in the Operaplatz Berlin - A. R. Moritz - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Nazi auto-da-fe in the Operaplatz Berlin
A. R. Moritz
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: the Rider on the... - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: the Rider on the...
George Frederick Watts
A Tavern in Ancient Rome 1867-68 - Arnold Böcklin - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Tavern in Ancient Rome 1867-68
Arnold Böcklin
A Sporting Lawyer, form Vanity Fair, 17th March 1898 - Leslie Mathew Ward - www.symbolism-in-art.org
A Sporting Lawyer, form Vanity Fair, 17th March 1898
Leslie Mathew Ward
Calavera Huertista, c.1910 - Jose Guadalupe Posada - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Calavera Huertista, c.1910
Jose Guadalupe Posada
Medusa, 1867 - Elihu Vedder - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Medusa, 1867
Elihu Vedder
Centaur Watching Fish, 1878 - Arnold Böcklin - www.symbolism-in-art.org
Centaur Watching Fish, 1878
Arnold Böcklin
The Seamstress or The Song of the Shirt, 1850 - George Frederick Watts - www.symbolism-in-art.org
The Seamstress or The Song of the Shirt, 1850
George Frederick Watts

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Page 2 of 92   Paintings: 1100